Same sex couples who want a biological child can opt to use donor sperm to get pregnant. Donor sperm insemination is most often performed using a technique called intrauterine insemination.
After a sperm sample is washed in the laboratory and prepared for transfer, a small catheter is placed into the vagina of the female partner, or surrogate, and through the cervix. Sperm is then injected directly into the uterus through the catheter.
In the case of either an infertile male partner or a lesbian couple, donor sperm insemination is a good option for pregnancy.
When is Sperm Donation Used?
- For same-sex couples
- When the male partner has no viable sperm
- When a male partner has a low sperm count or poor sperm morphology
- When a patient has a genetic defect that could be passed on to the baby
- When a patient has an infection
According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the success rates of donor sperm insemination depend on many factors including, “the female age and the presence of other female fertility factors such as endometriosis, tubal disease, or ovulatory dysfunction.”
Women under age 35 who have no history of fertility problems have the best chance of becoming pregnant using donor sperm.
All sperm donors are tested using the highest standards. They are tested for transmissible diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B and C, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and also their blood type. After initial testing, donor sperm is quarantined and then retested for infections before it can be used for insemination.